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Difference in PSA testing among urologist and primary care physician visits

Medical News Today: Prostate News - February 8, 2016 - 16:00
Declines in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing differed among urologist and primary care physician visits in a study that compared testing before and after a 2011 recommendation from the U.S.

Removal of complex renal tumors performed safely by robotic surgery in selected patients

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 12:00
Renal cell carcinoma can sometimes spread to the inferior vena cava (IVC), the body's largest vein, posing a threat to the heart and brain.

More detailed analysis of how cells react to stress

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 12:00
Stress in the body's cells is both the cause and consequence of inflammatory diseases or cancer. The cells react to stress to protect themselves.

Scientists improve DNA technology for detecting, treating disease

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 11:00
Scientists have found a way to improve the stability of DNA aptamers - a promising new technology for disease detection and treatment - so they are not easily digested by enzymes.

Single-lesion biopsy may be insufficient to choose therapy targeting resistance mutations

Medical News Today: Colorectal Cancer News - February 8, 2016 - 09:00
When metastatic tumors driven by drug-targetable genetic mutations become resistant to a targeted therapy drug, the usual practice is to biopsy a single metastatic lesion to test for new mutations...

Thyroid and breast cancer survivors at risk of the other malignancy

Medical News Today: Breast Cancer News - February 8, 2016 - 09:00
Women who survive either breast cancer or thyroid cancer are more likely to develop the other disease later in life, emphasizing the need for surveillance and awareness.

Thyroid and breast cancer survivors at risk of the other malignancy

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 09:00
Women who survive either breast cancer or thyroid cancer are more likely to develop the other disease later in life, emphasizing the need for surveillance and awareness.

New analysis method may reduce need for invasive biopsies

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 09:00
Scientists have identified a quantitative method to measure changes in biomarkers, which may reduce or eliminate the need for invasive biopsies.

Possible marker for recurring HPV-linked oropharyngeal cancers

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 09:00
A look-back analysis of HPV infection antibodies in patients treated for oropharyngeal (mouth and throat) cancers linked to HPV infection suggests at least one of the antibodies could be useful in...

Single-lesion biopsy may be insufficient to choose therapy targeting resistance mutations

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 09:00
When metastatic tumors driven by drug-targetable genetic mutations become resistant to a targeted therapy drug, the usual practice is to biopsy a single metastatic lesion to test for new mutations...

Chromosomes reconfigure as cell division ends

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 09:00
Cellular senescence -- when a cell can no longer divide -- is a programmed stage in a cell's life cycle.

Gene family turns cancer cells into aggressive stem cells that keep growing

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 08:00
An examination of 130 gene expression studies in 10 solid cancers has found that when any of four related genes is overexpressed, patients have much worse outcomes, including reduced survival.

NIH researchers identify striking genomic signature shared by 5 types of cancer

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 08:00
National Institutes of Health researchers have identified a striking signature in tumor DNA that occurs in five different types of cancer.

Protein that switches cancers from inflammation to proliferation identified

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 8, 2016 - 08:00
Oxford University scientists researching PAD4, a protein that plays a role in the development of inflammatory diseases like arthritis and which is regularly found in cancers have uncovered the...

Cancer treatment: Therapeutic approach gives hope for the treatment of multiple myeloma

Medical News Today: Lymphoma/Leukemia News - February 8, 2016 - 08:00
A new therapeutic approach tested by a team from Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital (CIUSSS-EST, Montreal) and the University of Montreal gives promising results for the treatment of multiple myeloma, a...

Study compares effectiveness of phone-based and web-based smoking cessation programs in four states

Medical News Today: Lung Cancer News - February 8, 2016 - 06:00
A new analysis indicates that states' Web-based and phone-based tobacco cessation programs can help people quit smoking, but certain personal characteristics may lead individuals to prefer one type...

Health-care disparities contribute to delayed testicular cancer diagnosis in a transgender woman

Medical News Today: Oncology News - February 5, 2016 - 13:00
A family physician reports the case of a transgender woman whose testosterone levels rose unexpectedly while on feminizing hormones, leading eventually to a diagnosis of a rare, virilizing form of...

Vanderbilt investigators identify lung cancer culprit

Medical News Today: Lung Cancer News - February 5, 2016 - 12:00
A microRNA - a small piece of RNA involved in regulating gene expression - functions as an oncogene to drive the development of lung cancer, Vanderbilt University investigators have discovered.

How gut inflammation sparks colon cancer

Medical News Today: Colorectal Cancer News - February 5, 2016 - 12:00
Chronic inflammation in the gut increases the risk of colon cancer by as much as 500 percent, and now Duke University researchers think they know why.

Dogs accelerate the advance of new cancer treatments for both pets and people

Medical News Today: Breast Cancer News - February 5, 2016 - 12:00
A Science Translational Medicine review suggests integrating dogs with naturally occurring cancers into studies of new drug therapeutics could result in better treatments for our four-legged...